WHAT IS OBESITY?
Obesity is a medical condition that occurs when there is excess weight or fat, which can affect the health of a person. A patient is usually diagnosed with obesity when they have a high body mass index (BMI). BMI is a tool used to assess a person for the appropriate weight for their age, sex, and height.
This approach to determining healthy weight measurement combine height and weight. A BMI value between 25 and 29.9 indicates that the person has excess weight while a value greater than or equal to 30 suggests that the person may be obese.
Though a healthy weight can be achieved through diet and exercise, however, surgical treatment is required for some patients.
WHAT CAUSES OBESITY?
Different factors can contribute to obesity. They include:
- Excessive consumption of calorie-rich foods
- Certain medications such as glucocorticoids, some antidepressants, etc.
- Lack of adequate sleep
- Sedentary lifestyle
- Medical condition such as endocrine disruption
TREATMENT OF OBESITY
- Dietary modification and behavioural change: This involves the reduction of calories and practicing healthier eating habits. It is important that you avoid drastic and unrealistic nutritional changes, such as crash diets. This is because such approaches are unlikely to keep excess weight off for the long term.
- Increasing physical activities: Increasing physical activities and exercises are essential for the treatment of obesity. To achieve better weight loss, obese patients may need to exercise 300 minutes or more per week.
- Use of weight-loss medications: Certain medications act as an adjunct to other approaches used in the treatment of obesity. Your doctor might recommend weight-loss drug if other methods of weight loss did not work for you.
- Surgical intervention such as gastric sleeve and gastric bypass: Weight-loss surgery may be considered for a patient if other methods to lose weight that has failed. The success of this surgery depends on the commitment of the patient to making lifelong changes in their eating and exercise habits.